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How Is Coco Peat Made And How Useful Is It For Rising Hydroponics Crops?


Staff member
Mar 21, 2024
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Pricey reader, we assume that you’re acquainted with phrases like substrate-based gardening, aquaponics, and hydroponics by this time. In essence, cocopeat is a medium that isn’t soil and helps to develop crops. Amongst different components that regulate the success of hydroponics farming, the collection of media performs essentially the most essential function.

For any rising medium to be ultimate, it have to be inert. It should be capable to retain water and should allow the circulation of air within the root zone. Additionally, it should help the roots, give the crops steadiness, and never enable daylight to permeate.

There are a myriad of such media offered available in the market. Go to a retailer, and you may place your fingers on stone pebbles, vermiculite, Sphagnum Moss, perlite, Clay Pebbles/ hydroton/ LECA, pith, or coir/coco peat. Every medium has its personal benefits and downsides.

At all times begin out with the one which has fewer cons. In line with us, we really feel coco peat stands out from some other media. It helps with profitable germination, and the most effective half is that you could get it from a coconut tree in your yard.

This rising medium is multi-purpose and produced from coconut husk. The fibrous husk of the coconut is sieved, machine dried, pre-washed, and is made sand-free. Additionally, you will not discover any plant or animal residue in a cocopeat. The cocopeat is a wonderful different to conventional rock wool and peat moss. On this article, we are going to focus on how coco peat is made and the way it helps develop crops.

Why is coco peat the versatile rising media?​

dry coco peat

Between conventional Rockwool and peat moss, no different different comes near coco peat. It has a excessive capability to carry water and has air-filled porosity. These traits make it top-of-the-line rising mediums for plant crops.

Coco Peat is 100% natural, eco-friendly, and free from soil-borne weeds and pathogens. It has a pH of 5.7-6.5 and is ideal for plant progress. The coco coir materials is produced from a coconut shell’s woven, fibrous materials.

Most dwelling gardeners choose this natural soil substitute due to its aeration and moisture retention traits. Moisture retention is essential as persistently moist situations are required for plant progress. Thus, you don’t find yourself over-watering or under-watering your backyard. The aeration characteristic within the coco peat permits the event of roots and helps them respire higher. Vegetation expel carbon dioxide and take up oxygen. Each the components we talked about contribute to unbelievable yields and improve plant progress.

For us Indians, the coconut tree is the “kalpavriksha” as a result of each a part of the tree is of nice use to us, ultimately or the opposite. Listed below are some coconut merchandise that farmers use in agricultural fields.

  • Coir pith/coco peat derived from coconut husk
  • Coco chips are produced from the coconut’s outer shell. It’s then used as a medium of progress.
  • The coco fiber is used as mulch.
  • The coco fiber planter is the compressed fiber of coconut squashed into a number of containers like pots and hanging baskets.

Why do folks choose coco peat for dwelling gardeners beginning with hydroponics farming?​

coco peat in grow bag

Additionally known as the coir path, the cocopeat binds the fiber of coconut within the husk. It is extremely spongy and one of many best natural media. Most dwelling gardeners choose cocopeat due to its exceptional soil conditioning properties.

The excessive moisture-retention capability makes it the proper progress medium in nurseries for the manufacturing of anthuriums, orchids, and seedlings. By all means, cocopeat is a flexible product as you should use it as worm bedding, sprout, and nurse seedlings.

Professional suggestions for figuring out high-quality coco peat​

There are completely different qualities inside coco peat. The superior grades have little fiber, low moisture, and low EC to be exported in markets. Ideally, the cocopeat should have a low EC, low fiber content material, and appropriate pH to swimsuit the basis part.
We suggest choosing coco peat with a pH of 5.5-6.5. It should have a superb enlargement ratio; something upwards of 1:15 is finest.

Benefits of Cocopeat​

  • Coco peat will increase the potting combine’s porosity. That helps to maintain the soil ethereal and unfastened, which helps within the higher progress of roots.
  • If you wish to enhance the water-holding capability of your potting combine, select coco peat. This medium additionally enhances the soil’s porosity. Therefore, the plant doesn’t undergo from underneath or over-watering.
  • The excessive capability of cation trade, water retention, and porosity implies that the coco peat amount important per plant may be considerably much less.
  • Coco peat possesses glorious properties, which make it a forgiving medium for hydroponics farming. The excessive cation trade capability of coco peat permits faster absorption of vitamins.
  • You may simply rewet coco peat, not like peat. Dry coco peat absorbs water shortly and is hydrophilic.
  • Not like different natural media like Rockwool, vermiculite, or perlite, you possibly can compress coco peat to lower than one-fifth of its quantity. This compressed quantity of coco peat reduces dealing with, storage, and transportation prices.
  • One of the vital renewable mediums is coco peat. It’s withdrawn from coconut husks. It was once a waste product some years in the past, however India’s Coir board has acknowledged it as a major merchandise for export.
  • Coco peat is wealthy in pure Trichoderma that acts towards damaging pathogens. The useful micro organism and fungi get a superb setting for progress due to coco peat.

Disadvantages of coco peat

  • Coco peat comprises pure salts. Meaning solely nice high quality coco peat can be utilized to make potting mixes. You need to regulate nutrient composition holding the salts out there in coco peat.
  • Because of the excessive share of salts, coco peat can’t be utilized in recycled hydroponics methods. Thus the coco peat’s forgiving nature is offset primarily within the run-off methods.
  • Excessive porosity signifies your potting combine can’t help the plant’s weight. It is a frequent drawback with a superior potting combine, however plant helps can rectify it.
  • Have you ever used compressed coco peat? Do you know that you should use all of it inside just a few months of its manufacturing? You heard that proper, however you possibly can counter this drawback through the use of freshly compressed coco peat.
  • Excessive demand for coco peat has precipitated poor high quality coco peat to be offered available in the market. You could even must pay exorbitant costs for unhealthy coco peat.
  • Coco peat could comprise soil contaminants. Nonetheless, many growers right now keep away from coco peat’s sterilization. They depend on bioagents to fend off pathogenic assaults on the crops.

Easy methods to use coco peat in hydroponic farming?​

coco peat brick

  • Break the block of coco peat right into a powder by mixing it. Guarantee you’re including water in the best quantities. Your combine should not be too dry or moist.
  • Take a big container or tub, take away the shrink wrap, and place the coco peat brick inside the bathtub.
  • Add 25 liters of water and anticipate ten minutes. Let the brick increase naturally and let it take in water.
  • Combine coco peat together with your fingers. Blocks should break simply, and add water if required.
  • Add the coco peat to the soil or use it by mixing different inert media earlier than incorporating it into the soil.

Professional gardening suggestions for utilizing coco peat​

  1. Add a neem cake to your coco peat brick to keep away from fungal infections.
  2. To enhance the soil profile, add coco peat to your soil within the ratio of fifty:50.
  3. Don’t use coco peat as is; as a substitute, combine it with inert media like wooden shavings, clay pebble, rice husk, or coco chips.
  4. Coco peat is inert and doesn’t comprise any vitamins; thus, it’s a must to combine vitamins like manure or compost externally.


With the assistance of coco peat, you possibly can develop any sort of plant. Proper from root crops to medicinal herbs, veggies, leafy greens, succulents, and flowers, you identify it. Now we have managed to get unbelievable yields for sugarcane and corn with coco peat. Thus, we suggest utilizing coco peat as it’s the most easy technique to neglect soil-related troubles apart. Please take a great strive with a single plant kind and watch it develop. And, in case you have anything to share with us concerning coco peat, do remark down under! Till then, glad gardening!
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